What are the different types of ulcerative colitis?

There are 4 types of ulcerative colitis (UC):

  • Ulcerative proctitis is a mild form of the disease and accounts for nearly 30% of all cases. Bowel inflammation is limited to the rectum, and because the affected area is so small, it is associated with fewer complications.1
  • Proctosigmoiditis affects the rectum and the sigmoid colon (the lower segment of colon located right above the rectum). Symptoms include bloody diarrhea, cramps, and a constant feeling of the need to pass stool. Moderate pain on the lower left side of the abdomen may occur in active disease.1
  • Left-sided colitis begins at the rectum and extends up to a bend in the colon near the spleen called the splenic flexure. Symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, severe pain on the left side of the abdomen, and bleeding.1
  • Pan-ulcerative colitis affects the entire colon. Symptoms include diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, cramps, and extensive weight loss. Potentially serious complications include massive bleeding and acute dilation of the colon (which may lead to an opening in the bowel wall). Serious complications may require surgery.1

The severity of your symptoms determines whether you have mild, moderate, or severe ulcerative colitis2,3:

  • Mild: People with mild UC experience as few as 4 bowel movements a day and may notice small amounts of blood in their stool.
  • Moderate: Moderate UC causes people to experience between 4 and 6 bowel movements a day and possibly more visible blood in their stool.
  • Severe: A serious form of UC causes people to experience 6 or more bowel movements a day with bloody stools accompanied by fever and anemia.
  • Diagnosing UC
  • Back to top
  • Treatments for UC
  • References

  • 1.
    Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America. Types of ulcerative colitis. http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-ulcerative-colitis/types-of-ulcerative-colitis.html. Accessed January 7, 2015.
  • 2.
    Kornbluth A, Sachar DB; Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Ulcerative colitis practice guidelines in adults: American College of Gastroenterology, Practice Parameters Committee. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010;105:501-523
  • 3.
    Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America. Ulcerative Colitis: the A to Z of Treating UC. http://www.ccfa.org/assets/pdfs/ulcerative-colitis-the-a-to-z.pdf. Accessed January 7, 2015.
  • See More Important Risk Information

    IMPORTANT RISK INFORMATION

    Who should not take DELZICOL?

    • Do not take DELZICOL if you are allergic to:
      • salicylates, such as aspirin or medications that contain aspirin
      • aminosalicylates
      • any of the ingredients of DELZICOL

    What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking DELZICOL?

    Tell your healthcare provider if you:

    • Have or have had kidney problems
    • Are allergic to sulfasalazine
    • Have or have had heart-related allergic reactions, such as inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis) or inflammation of the lining of the heart (pericarditis)
    • Have or have had liver problems
    • Have or have had a stomach blockage
    • Have any other medical conditions

    What are the possible side effects of DELZICOL?

    DELZICOL may cause serious side effects, including:

    • Kidney problems: Your doctor may check to see how your kidneys are working before taking DELZICOL. It is important to complete all blood tests ordered by your doctor.
    • A condition that may be hard to tell apart from a UC flare: Symptoms include cramping, stomachache, bloody diarrhea, and sometimes fever, headache, and rash. If you experience any of these symptoms while on treatment, call your doctor right away. He or she may tell you to stop taking DELZICOL.
    • Hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions: If signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity occur, immediately call your doctor.
    • Liver failure: In patients that have or have had liver disease.
    • Blood Disorders: Elderly patients and patients taking azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine need to monitor complete blood cell counts and platelet counts while taking DELZICOL.

    The most common side effects of DELZICOL include:

    • Adults: belching, stomachache, constipation, dizziness, runny nose, back pain, rash, upset stomach, and flu symptoms.
    • Children (5 to 17 years of age): inflammation of the nose and pharynx, headache, stomachache, dizziness, inflammation of the sinuses, rash, cough, diarrhea, tiredness, fever, and increased lipase.

    Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of DELZICOL.

    Before starting DELZICOL, tell your doctor about all medications you are taking, including:

    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Taking these medications with DELZICOL may increase your risk of kidney problems.
    • Azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine. Taking these medications with DELZICOL may increase your risk of blood disorders.

    What is DELZICOL?

    DELZICOL (mesalamine) delayed-release capsules is a prescription medication approved for the treatment of mildly to moderately active ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients 5 years of age and older and for the maintenance of remission of UC in adults.

    Please see full Prescribing Information for DELZICOL.

    To report a side effect from one of our products, please call the Allergan Drug Safety Department at 1-800-678-1605.

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