Healthy eating and being active

  • Diet tips for people with ulcerative colitis
  • Eating a well-balanced and nutritious diet is a good idea for anyone, but it can be especially important for those with ulcerative colitis (UC). People with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) such as UC can be at a greater risk for malnourishment. A nutritious diet can help prevent nutritional deficiencies.

    For children, who are still growing, this is especially important. Your doctor may decide supplements of certain vitamins and minerals may be necessary for them to take.

    You should also keep a close eye on your child’s weight and growth. Any weight loss or slowing of growth rate should be reported to the doctor.

  • Avoiding "trigger foods"
  • While there is no evidence that a specific food or drink will cause a flare, many people with ulcerative colitis (UC) notice an increase in symptoms if they eat or drink certain things. Not every person with UC has the same "trigger foods," so discovering which foods you can or cannot eat may require a bit of trial and error.

    The following is a list of common trigger foods, as well as options that may be better for people with UC. Using a food diary may make it easier for you to track your meals and discover if you have any trigger foods.

    Possible trigger foods:

    • Certain high-fiber foods, such as fiber-rich bread and nuts
    • Popcorn
    • High-fat foods
    • Greasy foods
    • Caffeine
    • Alcohol
    • Spicy foods
    • Raw fruits and vegetables (especially ones with skins)
    • Prunes
    • Beans
    • Dairy products

    Foods less likely to cause a flare:

    • Fruit juices
    • Applesauce and bananas
    • Bland, soft foods
    • Plain cereals, white rice, and refined pastas
    • Fully cooked vegetables and potatoes without skin
    • Low-fat or lean protein sources, such as lean meats and fish

    Ultimately, there isn’t one diet that works for everyone with UC. To find the best diet to help manage your UC, work with your doctor, a nutritionist, or another healthcare provider to create the meal plan that is right for you.

  • The importance of staying active
  • Exercising and staying active are good ideas for most people, and that is the same for people with UC. An appropriate exercise plan will not only help you stay in shape but may also offer other health benefits.

    Remember to check with your doctor before beginning any new exercise program. The following are guidelines you can use as you begin your routine:

    • Find your comfort zone: If you're uncomfortable at a gym or your symptoms aren’t controlled, consider activities you can do at home, such as using a treadmill, an exercise video, or exercises that use your own body weight as resistance.
    • Start slowly, and then build up gradually: When beginning to exercise, it may take up to a month or more to get to the point where you can start to increase your exercise level.
    • Consider low-impact activities: People on long-term steroid medication may have some added risk as the medication may lower bone mass. High-impact aerobics or running may put too much stress on fragile bones, causing stress fractures or breaks. If you've been on steroids, try low-impact activities such as walking, biking, or swimming.
  • Fighting the flares
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  • Staying positive
  • See More Important Risk Information

    What is DELZICOL?

    DELZICOL® (mesalamine) delayed-release capsules is a prescription medication approved for the treatment of mildly to moderately active ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients 5 years of age and older and for the maintenance of remission of UC in adults.


    Do not take DELZICOL if you are:

    • Allergic to salicylates or aminosalicylates, such as aspirin or medications that contain aspirin
    • Allergic to any of the ingredients of DELZICOL

    Before taking DELZICOL, tell your doctor if you:

    • Have or have had kidney problems
    • Are allergic to sulfasalazine
    • Have or have had heart-related allergic reactions, such as inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis) or inflammation of the lining of the heart (pericarditis)
    • Take any iron-containing supplements
    • Have or have had liver problems
    • Have or have had a stomach blockage
    • Are pregnant, nursing, or are planning to become pregnant or to breastfeed
    • Have any other medical conditions

    Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Taking DELZICOL with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may cause kidney problems. Taking DELZICOL with azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine may cause blood problems. Ask your doctor if you are not sure if you are taking one of these medicines. Your doctor may do certain tests during treatment with DELZICOL.

    What are the possible side effects of DELZICOL?

    DELZICOL may cause serious side effects, including:

    • Kidney Problems. Your doctor may check to see how your kidneys are working before taking DELZICOL.
    • Acute Intolerance Syndrome and Other Allergic Reactions. Some people who use DELZICOL can have allergic-type reactions, including acute intolerance syndrome. Other allergic reactions can cause heart problems, including an inflammation of the sac around the heart (pericarditis), blood problems, and problems with other organs in the body, such as the kidneys, liver, and lungs. When this happens, it is usually in people who have had an allergic reaction to sulfasalazine. Stop using DELZICOL and tell your doctor right away if you get any of these symptoms: cramping, stomach (abdominal) pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, headache, chest pain, a decrease in the amount of your urine, shortness of breath, eye inflammation, fatigue, and rash.
    • Liver Failure. This can happen in people who have a history of liver problems and have taken other medicines that contain mesalamine. Tell your doctor right away if you get any of these symptoms while using DELZICOL: yellowing of your eyes, itchy skin, feeling very tired, flu-like symptoms, nausea, or vomiting.
    • Serious Skin Reactions. Some people who use DELZICOL can have severe skin reactions. Stop using DELZICOL and tell your doctor right away if you develop any of the following signs or symptoms of a severe skin reaction, including blisters or peeling of your skin, mouth sores, blisters on your lips or around your mouth or eyes, high fever or flu-like symptoms, enlarged lymph nodes, or skin rash.
    • Sun Sensitivity. DELZICOL can make your skin sensitive to the sun if you have skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis and atopic eczema. Try to limit your time in the sun. You should use sunscreen and wear a hat and clothes that cover your skin if you have to be in the sunlight.
    • Kidney Stones. Drink plenty of fluids when using DELZICOL to decrease your chance of getting kidney stones. Call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms: severe pain in your side or your back or blood in your urine.

    The most common side effects of DELZICOL include:

    • Adults: belching, stomachache, constipation, dizziness, runny nose, back pain, rash, upset stomach, and flu symptoms.
    • Children (5 to 17 years of age): inflammation of the nose and pharynx, headache, stomachache, dizziness, inflammation of the sinuses, rash, cough, diarrhea, tiredness, fever, and increased lipase.

    Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of DELZICOL.

    You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

    If you are having difficulty paying for your medicine, AbbVie may be able to help. Visit to learn more.

    Please see full Prescribing Information for DELZICOL.

    The product information provided on this site is intended only for residents of the United States. The products discussed on this site may have different product labeling outside of the United States.

    The health information described on this site is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for discussions with a healthcare provider.